Under 35 U.S.C. §112(a), courts use the “Wands factors” to help determine whether the disclosure meets the enablement standard. These factors include:
In re Wands, 858 F.2d 731 (Fed. Cir. 1988).
Whether a patent application is enabled is also dependent upon the subject matter of the invention. A line of cases related to "predictable" inventions suggests that a single example of making and using the claimed invention is sufficient for enabling a person to practice the scope of patent application without undue experimentation. In a second line of cases related to "unpredictable" inventions such as biotechnology, pharmaceutical, and to a lesser degree medical device inventions, courts have held that a range of examples is desired to meet the enablement requirement.
Thus, it is our practice at Torrey Pines Law Group to describe as many alternative embodiments of an unpredictable invention as possible. If a variety of homologous polynucleotide or polypeptide sequences are effective in the invention, we ask our clients to descbibe them in examples. Examples are likewise requested with respect to alternative vectors, cell lines, salts, indications, analogs, algorithms, and the like. This provides the best opportunity to fully enable a patent application and issued patent.
Torrey Pines Law Group, PC serves technology innovators with protecting intellectual property internationally and throughout the U.S., including in major technology hubs such as San Diego, San Francisco, Palo Alto, San Jose, Silicon Valley, Boston, Cambridge, Chicago, Minneapolis, Houston, Dallas, Atlanta, Denver, Seattle, Portland, Boulder, Orlando, the Research Triangle (Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill), the Mid-Atlantic (New Jersey, New York, Philadelphia, Maryland, Virginia, and Washington, DC) and throughout Southern California in Los Angeles, Orange County, Irvine, and La Jolla.